Parasitology associated to bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) [1]: Introduction

This publication is an introduction to bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) parasitology. In this publications, there is a list of parasits that they have been found in bibliography and in the next publication we are going to talk about three of them.

The interest on marine mammals’ diseases, mostly on cetaceans, owe to their use on research and entertainment. There is different species of parasits on cetacean, but some of them are accidental parasits that doesn’t cause any serious problem. The following list are the parasits of Tursiops truncatus.

PHYLLUM NEMATODA

Anisakis physeteris Halocercus lagenorhynchus
Anisakis simples Skrjabinalius cryptocephalus
Anisakis typica Stenurus minor
Crassicauda crassicauda Stenurus ovatus

 

PHYLLUM PLATYHELMINTHES

Class Trematoda: Subclass Digenea

Braunina cordiformes         Nasitrema dalli
Campula palliata         Pholeter gastrophilus
Campula rochebruni         Synthesium tursionis
Nasitrema attenuata         Zalophotrema hepaticum

 Class Cestodes

Monorygma delphini
Monorygma Grimaldi
Phyllobothrium delphini

 

PHYLLUM ACANTHOCEPHALA                                        PHYLLUM ARTROPODA

Bolbosoma sp.                                                          Harpacticus pulex
Corynosoma cetaceum                                             Syncyamus sp.

 

PROTOZOA

Holotricha ciliate (not identified)
Cryptosporidium parvum
Giardia duodenalis
Giardia sp.
Kyaroikeus cetarius (ciliate)
Toxoplasma gondii

 

BACTERIA

Actinomyces sp. Nocardia sp.
Aeromonas sp. Pasteurella sp.
Brucilla sp. Pseudomonas sp.
Erysipelothrix sp. Salmonella sp.
Klebsiella sp. Staphylococcus sp.
Lactococcus sp. Streptococcus sp.
Nocardia asteroides Vibrio sp.
Nocardia levis

 

FUNGUS

Blastomyces dermatitidis Histoplasma capsulatum
Candida albicans Lacazia loboi

 Difusió-anglès

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